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2009 年 05 月 09 日技术合集

Nginx+MySQL+PHP+phpmyadmin+memcache+eaccelerator

在CentOS 5.2和CentOS 4.7 Server版本中测试均无任何错误,

一,首先升级更新系统各种库(基本完整)

yum -y install patch make gcc gcc-c++ autoconf kernel-devel libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel
yum -y install fonts-chinese scim-chewing scim-pinyin scim-tables-chinese

二,下载所需软件:

wget http://leoz.googlecode.com/files/nginx-0.7.19.tar.gz
wget http://leoz.googlecode.com/files/php-5.2.6.tar.gz
wget http://leoz.googlecode.com/files/php-5.2.6-fpm-0.5.9.diff.gz
wget http://leoz.googlecode.com/files/libiconv-1.12.tar.gz
wget http://leoz.googlecode.com/files/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
wget http://leoz.googlecode.com/files/mcrypt-2.6.7.tar.gz
wget http://leoz.googlecode.com/files/memcache-2.2.3.tgz
wget http://leoz.googlecode.com/files/mhash-0.9.9.tar.gz
wget http://leoz.googlecode.com/files/pcre-7.7.tar.gz
wget http://leoz.googlecode.com/files/eaccelerator-0.9.5.3.tar.bz2
wget http://leoz.googlecode.com/files/mysql-5.0.22.tar.gz
wget http://leoz.googlecode.com/files/phpMyAdmin-3.1.1-all-languages.tar.gz

三,安装PHP环境支持包(就是上面的包)

tar zxvf libiconv-1.12.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.12/
./configure –prefix=/usr/local
make
make install
cd ../

tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure
make
make install
/sbin/ldconfig
cd libltdl/
./configure –enable-ltdl-install
make
make install
cd ../../

tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.tar.gz
cd mhash-0.9.9/
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

cp /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.* /usr/lib
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2

tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.7.tar.gz
cd mcrypt-2.6.7/
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

四,安装Mysql

tar -zxvf mysql-5.0.22.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.0.22
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/webserver/mysql –enable-assembler –with-charset=utf8 –enable-thread-safe-client –with-extra-charsets=all –without-innodb –without-isam
make;make install
cd ../
groupadd mysql
useradd -g mysql mysql
cp /usr/local/webserver/mysql/share/mysql/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf
/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db –user=mysql
chown -R mysql /usr/local/webserver/mysql/var
chgrp -R mysql /usr/local/webserver/mysql/.
cp /usr/local/webserver/mysql/share/mysql/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysql
chkconfig –level 345 mysql on
echo “/usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql” >> /etc/ld.so.conf
echo “/usr/local/lib” >>/etc/ld.so.conf
ldconfig
ln -s /usr/local/webserver/mysql/lib/mysql /usr/lib/mysql
ln -s /usr/local/webserver/mysql/include/mysql /usr/include/mysql
service mysql start
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password root
service mysql restart
service mysql stop

五,安装PHP

tar zxvf php-5.2.8.tar.gz
gzip -cd php-5.2.8-fpm-0.5.10.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.8 -p1
cd php-5.2.8/
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/php –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc –with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql –with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config –with-iconv-dir=/usr/local –with-freetype-dir –with-jpeg-dir –with-png-dir –with-zlib –with-libxml-dir=/usr –enable-xml –disable-rpath –enable-discard-path –enable-safe-mode –enable-bcmath –enable-shmop –enable-sysvsem –enable-inline-optimization –with-curl –with-curlwrappers –enable-mbregex –enable-fastcgi –enable-fpm –enable-force-cgi-redirect –enable-mbstring –with-mcrypt –with-gd –enable-gd-native-ttf –with-openssl –with-mhash –enable-pcntl –enable-sockets
make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS=’-liconv’
make install
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
cd ../

make
make install
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
cd ../

六,安装配置eaccelerator+memcache

tar zxvf memcache-2.2.3.tgz
cd memcache-2.2.3/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../

tar jxvf eaccelerator-0.9.5.3.tar.bz2
cd eaccelerator-0.9.5.3/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure –enable-eaccelerator=shared –with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../

sed -i ‘s#extension_dir = “./”#extension_dir = “/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/”\nextension = “memcache.so”\n#’ /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i ‘s#output_buffering = Off#output_buffering = On#’ /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

mkdir -p /usr/local/eaccelerator_cache
cat >>/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini<<EOF
[eaccelerator]
zend_extension=”/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/eaccelerator.so”
eaccelerator.shm_size=”1″
eaccelerator.cache_dir=”/usr/local/eaccelerator_cache”
eaccelerator.enable=”1″
eaccelerator.optimizer=”1″
eaccelerator.check_mtime=”1″
eaccelerator.debug=”0″
eaccelerator.filter=””
eaccelerator.shm_max=”0″
eaccelerator.shm_ttl=”3600″
eaccelerator.shm_prune_period=”3600″
eaccelerator.shm_only=”0″
eaccelerator.compress=”1″
eaccelerator.compress_level=”9″
eaccelerator.keys = “disk_only”
eaccelerator.sessions = “disk_only”
eaccelerator.content = “disk_only”
#[eaccelerator]
#zend_extension=”/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/eaccelerator.so”
#eaccelerator.shm_size=”128″
#eaccelerator.cache_dir=”/usr/local/eaccelerator_cache”
#eaccelerator.enable=”1″
#eaccelerator.optimizer=”1″
#eaccelerator.check_mtime=”1″
#eaccelerator.debug=”0″
#eaccelerator.filter=””
#eaccelerator.shm_max=”0″
#eaccelerator.shm_ttl=”300″
#eaccelerator.shm_prune_period=”120″
#eaccelerator.shm_only=”0″
#eaccelerator.compress=”1″
#eaccelerator.compress_level=”9″

七,创建www用户和用户组,

groupadd www
useradd -g www www
mkdir -p /web/www
chmod +w /web/www
mkdir -p /web/logs
chmod 777 /web/logs

chown -R www:www /web/www
rm -f /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
cp conf/php-fpm.conf /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

echo “ulimit -SHn 51200” >/root/run.sh
echo “/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start” >>/root/run.sh

八,安装Nginx

tar zxvf pcre-7.7.tar.gz
cd pcre-7.7/
./configure
make && make install
cd ../
tar zxvf nginx-0.7.19.tar.gz
cd nginx-0.7.19/
./configure –user=www –group=www –prefix=/usr/local/nginx –with-http_stub_status_module –with-http_ssl_module
make && make install
cd ../
rm -f /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
cp conf/nginx.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
sed -i ‘s/www.xxxx.com/’$domain’/g’ /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

rm -f /usr/local/nginx/conf/fcgi.conf
cp conf/fcgi.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf/fcgi.conf

echo “/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx” >>/root/run.sh
chmod 777 /root/run.sh
service mysql start
/root/run.sh

九,安装phpmyadmin

tar zxvf phpMyAdmin-3.1.1-all-languages.tar.gz
mv phpMyAdmin-3.1.1-all-languages /web/www/phpmyadmin

十,加入开机自启动

echo “ulimit -SHn 51200” >>/etc/rc.local
echo “/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start” >>/etc/rc.local
echo “/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx” >>/etc/rc.local

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