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2009 年 06 月 15 日技术合集

Behavioral Analysis Unit (BAU)

  FBI行为分析部门Behavioral Analysis Unit (BAU)简介
  『原文』
  The mission of the BAU is to provide behavioral based investigative and operational support by applying case experience, research, and training to complex and time-sensitive crimes, typically involving acts or threats of violence. The program areas addressed include Crimes Against Children, Crimes Against Adults, Communicated Threats, Corruption, and Bombing and Arson Investigations. The BAU receives requests for services from Federal, state, local, and international law enforcement agencies. Response to these requests for BAU assistance are facilitated through the network of field NCAVC coordinators. BAU services are provided during on-site case consultations, telephone conference calls, and/or consultations held at the BAU with case investigators.
  BAU assistance to law enforcement agencies is provided through the process of “criminal investigative analysis.” Criminal investigative analysis is a process of reviewing crimes from both a behavioral and investigative perspective. It involves reviewing and assessing the facts of a criminal act, interpreting offender behavior, and interaction with the victim, as exhibited during the commission of the crime, or as displayed in the crime scene. BAU staff conduct detailed analyses of crimes for the purpose of providing one or more of the following services: crime analysis, investigative suggestions, profiles of unknown offenders, threat analysis, critical incident analysis, interview strategies, major case management, search warrant assistance, prosecutive and trial strategies, and expert testimony.
  In addition to the above services, the BAU staff produced the “Child Abduction Response Plan” to assist investigators faced with these challenging and time-sensitive investigations. Recently, the BAU released “The School Shooter: A Threat Assessment Perspective” report to guide school administrators, teachers, parents, and law enforcement in identifying and evaluating threats in our schools. The BAU maintains a reference file for experts in various forensic disciplines such as odontology, anthropology, entomology, or pathology.
  BAU的使命就是提供通过应用案例、研究以及培训方面的基于行为的调查以及具体操作性的支持,将其应用于解决复杂的以及时间敏感的(需要快速解决的)犯罪行为中,例如暴力或暴力恐吓。BAU 涉及的领域包括,对于儿童、成人,通信恐吓、贿赂以及炸弹和纵火相关的犯罪进行调查。BAU服务于联邦政府、州政府、地方政府和国际法律执行机构。应对这些需要援助的请求,BAU通过NCAVC(National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime全国暴力犯罪中心)领域协调者的网络系统帮助使之变得更为便利。BAU可以通过在罪案现场的商议,电话会议,以及/或者BAU与案件调查者举行的商讨来给于帮助。
  BAU对于法律执行机构的协助是通过其”犯罪调查分析”的过程来实现的。犯罪调查分析是一种从行为和调查性的角度来回顾犯罪的过程。这个过程包括回顾和评估犯罪事实,在重现犯罪过程中,解释罪犯的犯罪行为,以及受害者的反应。BAU成员进行的详细的犯罪分析是为了提供以下一项或多项服务:罪行分析,调查性建议,未知罪犯的肖像,威胁性分析,危急事件分析,面谈策略,主要案件的管理,寻找合理援助,起诉和审讯策略以及专家证词。
  除了以上这些服务,BAU成员还提出了一项”儿童诱拐反应计划”,来支持那些面临挑战性和时间敏感性(需要快速解决的)调查的调查者。最近,BAU发布了”校园枪击:威胁的预计”的报告来指导学校管理者、老师、家长以及执法者来识别和预估我们校园中的威胁。BAU为不同领域的专家提供法学相关学科的参考资料,诸如齿科学、人类学、昆虫学或病理学等等。

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