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2009 年 09 月 19 日技术合集

Ubuntu Server 9.04下安装nginx+PHP+MySQL

笔记而已,供以后查阅,大部分的内容参照http://blog.s135.com/nginx_php_v5/和http://rashost.com/blog,省去了第三方的一些编译,个人来说特别不喜欢编译(除非没有办法),自己编译不会带来性能多大的提高,维护起来还比较麻烦,尤其是卸载升级的时候。

Ubuntu Server 9.04的安装是最干净的那种,除了openssh-server,openssh-client外别的没有安装。

安装完系统后,如果选的是中文的话,最好重新设置一下语言:

vi /etc/default/locale

LANG="en_US.UTF-8"
LANGUAGE="en_US:en"这样不会有一些乱码啊,菱形字的出现。

设置apt升级源:

vi /etc/apt/sources.list全部干掉,测试了两个速度比较好的源:

deb http://mirror.optus.net/ubuntu/ jaunty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.optus.net/ubuntu/ jaunty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.optus.net/ubuntu/ jaunty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.optus.net/ubuntu/ jaunty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirror.optus.net/ubuntu/ jaunty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.optus.net/ubuntu/ jaunty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.optus.net/ubuntu/ jaunty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.optus.net/ubuntu/ jaunty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.optus.net/ubuntu/ jaunty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.optus.net/ubuntu/ jaunty-backports main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/ubuntu/ jaunty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/ubuntu/ jaunty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/ubuntu/ jaunty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/ubuntu/ jaunty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/ubuntu/ jaunty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/ubuntu/ jaunty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/ubuntu/ jaunty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/ubuntu/ jaunty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/ubuntu/ jaunty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/ubuntu/ jaunty-backports main restricted universe multiverse当然,你也可以试试163的源,不过我这边的情况是龟速:

deb http://mirrors.163.com/Ubuntu/ jaunty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/Ubuntu/ jaunty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/Ubuntu/ jaunty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/Ubuntu/ jaunty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/Ubuntu/ jaunty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/Ubuntu/ jaunty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/Ubuntu/ jaunty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/Ubuntu/ jaunty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/Ubuntu/ jaunty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/Ubuntu/ jaunty-backports main restricted universe multiverse设置完源之后,执行:

apt-get update获得软件包信息,如果需要升级系统,还需要:

apt-get upgrade这个貌似比yum要复杂些,怀念yum update & yum install yum-fastestmirror

安装MySQL

直接来apt-get安装吧:

apt-get install mysql-server-5.1 mysql-client-5.1 –no-install-recommends记得加上–no-install-recommends,要不然连postfix都给你装了。

安装nginx

添加www用户和www用户组

/usr/sbin/groupadd www
/usr/sbin/useradd -g www www安装第三方包:

apt-get install gcc
apt-get install libpcre3-dev libssl-dev下载源码编译:

tar xzf nginx-0.8.14.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src
cd /usr/local/src/nginx-0.8.14/
./configure –user=www –group=www –with-http_stub_status_module –with-http_ssl_module
make && make install缺什么就apt-get安装,编辑nginx配置文件:vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

user www www

worker_processes 2

error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log crit

pid /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid

#Specifies the value for maximum file descriptors that can be opened by this process.
worker_rlimit_nofile 51200

events
{
use epoll
worker_connections 51200
}

http
{
include mime.types
default_type application/octet-stream

#charset gb2312

server_names_hash_bucket_size 128
client_header_buffer_size 32k
large_client_header_buffers 4 32k
client_max_body_size 8m

sendfile on
tcp_nopush on

keepalive_timeout 60

tcp_nodelay on

fastcgi_connect_timeout 300
fastcgi_send_timeout 300
fastcgi_read_timeout 300
fastcgi_buffer_size 64k
fastcgi_buffers 4 64k
fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k
fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k

gzip on
gzip_min_length 1k
gzip_buffers 4 16k
gzip_http_version 1.0
gzip_comp_level 2
gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml
gzip_vary on

#limit_zone crawler $binary_remote_addr 10m

server
{
listen 80
server_name 127.0.0.1
index index.html index.htm index.php
root /data/www

#limit_conn crawler 20

location ~ .*\.php
{
include fcgi.conf
}

location ~ .*\.(gifjpgjpegpngbmpswf)$
{
expires 30d
}

location ~ .*\.(jscss)?$
{
expires 1h
}

log_format access '$remote_addr – $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
'$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
'"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for'
access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log access
}
}编辑fcgi.conf文件,让nginx支持PATH_INFO变量:

fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000

#fastcgi_index index.php

set $path_info ""
set $real_script_name $fastcgi_script_name
if ($fastcgi_script_name ~ "^(.+?\.php)(/.+)$") {
set $real_script_name $1
set $path_info $2
}

fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$real_script_name
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_NAME $real_script_name
fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $path_info

fastcgi_param GATEWAY_INTERFACE CGI/1.1
fastcgi_param SERVER_SOFTWARE nginx

fastcgi_param QUERY_STRING $query_string
fastcgi_param REQUEST_METHOD $request_method
fastcgi_param CONTENT_TYPE $content_type
fastcgi_param CONTENT_LENGTH $content_length

#fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name
#fastcgi_param SCRIPT_NAME $fastcgi_script_name
fastcgi_param REQUEST_URI $request_uri
fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_URI $document_uri
fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_ROOT $document_root
fastcgi_param SERVER_PROTOCOL $server_protocol

fastcgi_param REMOTE_ADDR $remote_addr
fastcgi_param REMOTE_PORT $remote_port
fastcgi_param SERVER_ADDR $server_addr
fastcgi_param SERVER_PORT $server_port
fastcgi_param SERVER_NAME $server_name

# PHP only, required if PHP was built with –enable-force-cgi-redirect
fastcgi_param REDIRECT_STATUS 200安装PHP

下载最新的PHP5.2.10、php-fpm:

wget http://cn.php.net/get/php-5.2.10.tar.gz/from/this/mirror
wget http://php-fpm.org/downloads/php-5.2.10-fpm-0.5.13.diff.gz安装一些要用到的第三包:

apt-get install libxml2-dev libmcrypt-dev libssl-dev libldap2-dev libmhash-dev libmysqlclient-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libpng-dev libjpeg-dev libsasl2-dev libdb4.7-dev解压缩PHP源码,并打上php-fpm补丁:

tar xzf php-5.2.10.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src
gzip -cd php-5.2.10-fpm-0.5.11.diff.gz patch -d /usr/local/srcphp-5.2.10 -p1编译安装PHP&php-fpm:

./configure –with-iconv –with-zlib –enable-xml –disable-rpath –enable-discard-path –enable-bcmath –enable-shmop –enable-sysvsem –enable-inline-optimization –with-curl –with-curlwrappers –enable-mbregex –enable-fastcgi –enable-fpm –enable-force-cgi-redirect –enable-mbstring –with-mcrypt –with-gd –enable-gd-native-ttf –with-mhash –enable-pcntl –enable-sockets –with-xmlrpc –enable-zip –with-mysql –with-mysqli –enable-sqlite-utf8 –with-pdo-mysql –enable-ftp –with-jpeg-dir –with-png-dir –enable-dba –with-db4=/usr/lib/ –without-pear
make
make install可以看到我在扩展里面打开了dba扩展,并且指定了bdb库位置,如果你不需要PHP去访问bdb可以不用。安装的过程中提示缺什么包,直接apt-get install就可以了,也没有必要担心安装的不全,到时候缺什么,直接单个编译就可以了,比如想编译APC支持,到APC源码位置:

phpize
./configure
make
make install如果没有安装autoconf包,直接apt-get install autoconf就可以。把编译好的so文件拷贝到php扩展目录就可以了。

复制php.ini-recommended为php.ini到php ini配置目录,目录可以通过php -i|grep php.ini查看。找到php-fpm.con(命令:whereis php-fpm.conf),去掉display_errors参数的注释,修改参数值为1;去掉user,group参数的注释,设置user,group,一般设定为www就可以;修改max_children参数的值。

启动服务器

ulimit -SHn 51200
/usr/local/sbin/php-fpm start
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx测试
最基础的测试,phpinfo.php:

测试了下ColaPHP在nginx+php+fastcgi下的表现,原生的PHP大概940RPS,ColaPHP大概是650RPS。

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该日志于2009-09-19 11:40由 kevin 发表在技术合集分类下, 你可以发表评论。除了可以将这个日志以保留源地址及作者的情况下引用到你的网站或博客,还可以通过RSS 2.0订阅这个日志的所有评论。

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